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GEPF: Who receives your pension benefits?

Feb 1, 2021

GEPF beneficiary nomination formOne of the questions I receive from most retirement fund members is about who has a claim to their retirement funds if they die in service.

As a member of the Government Employees Pension Fund (GEPF) one of the most important documents you need to keep up to date is your beneficiary nomination form. This will inform the trustees as to who your legal and financial dependants are, as well as their contact details. It will make it easier for the fund to make the relevant payments, ensuring your family receives the urgent financial support they need.

It is important to note that while your nomination form can assist the trustees in identifying and contacting beneficiaries, the trustees are still obliged to identify all legal or financial dependants and ensure that the death benefit is distributed equitably amongst the dependants.

The trustees will do an investigation into the dependence of any surviving legal dependants. Legal dependants include a spouse, parents, children, etc. However, anyone who can prove that they were financially dependent on the deceased has a rightful claim on some of the proceeds. This could include a child from another relationship, a parent, or even another partner who was financially supported by the member.

Once the trustees have identified all the dependants, they distribute the benefits according to the level of dependence. For example, if a member of the fund was married and had one adult child who was employed, then the spouse would receive the full benefit.

However, if the child was still living at home, or studying, and therefore dependent on the deceased, then they could have a claim. This does assume that there were no other dependants. Minor children from other marriages or relationships would also be considered in the dependency assessment.

Benefits are based on how long the member was in service at the time of death. If a member dies with less than ten years’ service, the lump sum which will be distributed is based on either the member’s final salary (average of last two years per definition) or the value of the member’s pension in the fund at that time, whichever is greater.

If a member passes away with more than ten years’ service, a lump sum (death-in-service gratuity) is paid to beneficiaries and a monthly pension is paid to the spouse. If the member was a single parent, the minor children receive a child’s pension.

What does a beneficiary nomination form do?

A nomination form is completed while you are still alive and can only be changed by the member of the fund. It is used to identify potential legal/financial dependants, or other beneficiaries if you do not have any dependants.

If you are not married and do not have children or any other dependants, your gratuity will still be paid out to anyone you choose – including your parents or siblings.

The nomination form does not, however, supersede the responsibly of the trustees to provide for financial dependants.

If, for example, the nominated beneficiaries are not financially dependent on the deceased and there are other financial dependants not included on the form, the nominated beneficiaries may receive no money. Only in cases where there are no legal or financial dependants do the trustees distribute death benefits in line with the beneficiary nomination.

Make sure that the total percentage provided for each beneficiary adds up to 100%. You cannot, for example, nominate three beneficiaries giving them each 50%.

How does one prove financial dependence?

In the case of a spouse and minor children, financial dependency is assumed ‒ no further proof is needed.

Financial dependence can also be proved by a divorce order or by supplying bank statements proving that the deceased paid for certain expenses.

Tuition fees, bond repayments, medical aid and any other expenses that were paid by the deceased can be used to prove financial dependence.

It is important to understand who does not qualify as a financial dependant as this can become a contested issue, especially if there were relationships outside the marriage.

A financial/legal dependant includes:

  • A spouse. In the case of customary marriage, if there are two valid spouses, both of them will get an equal share of both gratuity and annuity.
  • A child under the age of 18, or a child who is still receiving financial support such as tuition.
  • A parent who is receiving financial support.

A financial dependant does not include:

  • An adult child who is not receiving financial support from the member.
  • A former spouse or partner who has not received any financial support and financial support is not stipulated in the divorce agreement.

If there are no financial dependants and the member has specified the beneficiary on the nomination form, then payment would be made.

Scenario 1: A member has adult children from a previous relationship who are not receiving financial support. The member is married and has young children with the current partner.

Likely outcome: The trustees will only consider the spouse and minor children as beneficiaries for distribution.

Scenario 2: A member has adult children from a previous relationship and is paying their tuition. The member is married and has young children with the current partner.

Likely outcome: The trustees will distribute the retirement fund among the spouse, young children and adult children in relation to level of dependency. As each case is treated individually, it depends on how many adult children there are. Adult children are usually given a percentage not exceeding 20% if still studying. The age of children is taken into consideration when percentages are determined. The gratuity will be shared amongst all dependants and the spouse will also receive a monthly pension.

Scenario 3: The member has adult children from a previous relationship who are not receiving financial support. The member is not legally married but living with a long-term partner.

Likely outcome: The long-term partner needs to apply to be recognised as the life partner of the deceased in order to be recognised. If the life partner’s application is approved, he/she will receive a share of the gratuity and the monthly pension. In a case where the life partner is not approved but the partner can prove financial dependency on the deceased, the gratuity will be shared among all qualifying dependants, however the partner will not receive the spousal pension.

Where can members get the nomination form?

The nomination form can be obtained from GPAA regional offices, your HR department, or the GEPF website.

Forms can be submitted at the various regional offices, to your HR department, or can be emailed to enquiries@gepf.co.za.

Register your spouse or life partner

As your spouse or life partner is entitled to an annuity when you die, it is important that you register him/her by providing your human resources department with either a certified copy of your marriage certificate, customary union certificate, lobola agreement, civil union certificate, or a certificate confirming your marriage in any other religion.

This article was sponsored by the GEPF.

44 Comments

  1. Im married IOP and im blessed with 2 minors,oldest being 11 years.Is my spouse automatically entitled to 50% of my pension? I wish to nominate my beneficiaries but the spouse issue is puzzling me.
    For eg pension payout =R100 000 and i nominate my 2 kids each50%. Does it mean that each child will receive R50 000 and my spouse will not benefit? OR the spouse will receive R50 000 and my 2 children then share 25000 each? Kindly enlighten me

    Reply
    • Your spouse would receive a spousal portion which would be 50%. The remaining 50% would be equally divided between your children. That would relate to the death benefit as a lump sum. Your spouse would also receive a spousal pension income and the children would receive a child’s pension until age 22. This would be calculated as follows: they would calculate what your pension income would be as if you had retired on the date of your death – of that your spouse would receive 50% and the remaining 50% divided among the children. This senario assumes you have more than 10 years in service

      Reply
  2. Can us as the members kids qualify for claiming our late mothers lumpsum when the spouse is still alive

    Reply
    • It depends on what her nomination form says and whether she died in service or after retirement. There would have to be proof of dependancy

      Reply
  3. Hi if your father dies while contributing at the GEPF what type of member is he according the form?Is he a contributing member or a pensioner?

    Reply
    • If he was still working then he would have been a contributing member.
      He would only be a pensioner if he retired and was receiving an income from GEPF

      Reply
    • My husband was appointed ad a teacher in Mpumalanga in February 2013 and passed on in 2022 April. I will like to know what benefits are we gonna get from GEPF.

      Reply
      • I am sorry for your loss. As his period of service was less than ten years, you would be paid out the value of his pension benefit at the time.

        Reply
  4. hi I’m now 35 years old, my father was a member of GEPF and my sister said we unable to claim the money due to the spouse passed away and my father didn’t nominate anyone

    when my father passed away I was 21 years old and I didn’t receive anything
    so I want to know if they are chances to get that money

    Reply
  5. My husband was a member of GEPF ad passed away this year. He last updated his W1002 form in 2012. In 2018 we got married and in 2020 we had a son together. He has 4 children from a previous marriage. 3 adult children( 1 of which is under the age of 22, the other 2 are over the age of 22) and 1 minor. These 4 children are listed as beneficiaries but my daughter is not nor am I- due to the form not being updated recently. Will myself and my daughter be considered for a portion of the gratuity.

    Reply
    • I am sorry to hear of your loss. Yes you both would qualify and you would receive a widow’s pension. But make sure you notify the employer and GEPF immediately

      Reply
    • I am struggling to update my beneficiaries on the GEPF self service app. What should I do because I did submit the nomination form but it seems they are not updated on the system. I am concerned. Please reply.

      Concerned parent from Rustenburg.

      Reply
        • Hi, my partner passed away in 2020 with cancer. We were engaged for 7 years, lived and bought a house together. He had cancer, so we could not take out insurance in the outstanding amount for our house. My partner passed away during covid 8May 2020. I have applied to be a lifepartner, as i was dependant on him to help with paying our monthly bond. My lifepartner application has been with the fund for more than 8 months now and have not been approved. Do you think i will be acknowledged as a lifepartner? No beneficiaries have been paid yet. I could give bank statements etc. To show that i was dependant on him, as well as gotten affidavits as per their request on the application.

          Reply
          • I will ask GEPF what the guidelines are in terms of approving a life partner. Ideally he should have listed you as a life partner with the GEPF.

            Reply
      • Hi Maya. I’m one 5 siblings. Our mother passed on last year September. My sister claimed the funeral benefit of R15000 without telling anyone. We now want to find out what is the best way to make her pay the share of that amount to the other siblings?

        Reply
        • I doubt the GEPF would get involved now. Probably the best thing is to call a family meeting and have it out with her. Who paid for the funeral? That is what it was for

          Reply
          • We all did contributed towards it.

            Reply
  6. My dad has passed away a month ago as a paying member of the GEPF. My mum and dad were legally divorced some 13 years ago. He has had a common law spouse since then with a minor child. My sister and I who were not financially dependent on him are likely not nominated beneficiaries on his GEPF policy. Are we by any chance legal beneficiaries on his lump sum payout?

    Reply
    • If you are both over the age of 22 then you would not necessarily have a claim but it is worth submitting your details to the GEPF. They could still consider your situation

      Reply
  7. My brother was retired since 2010 and he passed away in 2020, he paid lobola for the mother of her 17 year old daughter, the claim was done for the minor child, is it possible for the woman to claim his monthly pension for herself

    Reply
    • If she can prove customary marriage then yes, she could have a claim. But they would have had to be together at the time

      Reply
  8. Good day,

    My dad worked for the city of Cape Town for over 22 years and as such, passed away a few days ago.

    I am 20 years old (turning 21 this year) and was his eldest child from his first (and only) marriage until my mom and him divorced and he also had a partner whom he has 2 children with of which are also younger than 18.

    My question is that my dad’s family were never in his life and now that he has passed, they’re showing up claiming that I am not due anything even though by word of mouth, it was said that I was nominated to get 50% of whatevers my dad was to be paid out but I am not sure how to go about verifying this?

    Ps. In the same sentence, I was advised that because I hurriedly got married about 6 month ago (customary marriage, not legally) I am not entitled to be paid out anything. Can you advise on this or whom it is I would need to query this info with?

    Any help would be much appreciated.

    Reply
    • Firstly my condolences on the loss your father. The City of Cape Town fund does not fall under GEPF but the pension fund act rules would apply. This means the trustees of the fund will determine who receives the benefits based on financial and legal dependency. Children under the age of 18 would definitely fall under financial and legal dependency. It would depend on the rules of the fund whether you would qualify (some include children under 21 especially if still studying). The mother of the younger children would possibly have a claim either for the support of the children or if she was a financial dependent in her own right. The best thing to do is to submit your details and provide any evidence if he ever supported you or your mother financially (there may be a provision in the divorce agreement). I do not think whether or not you are married would make a big difference unless it is used to prove that you had no financial dependency on him. I would recommend you just deal directly with the fund and ignore the other relatives – they can can submit their own claims.

      Reply
  9. I am divorced. I have a minor child [age 17]. I am in a long term relationship currently. I have made my fiancé one of the beneficiaries but was told that he will not be guaranteed his share of my pension because my child has to be looked after first, but yet we are financially dependent of each other and he assist financially to support my child because his biological father does not contribute enough. If I die he will not be able to financially support himself or continue to look after my son, although he is not the biological father. We also were told that the biological father will have all the right to my pension which will go into a trust. So how will my fiancé be able to survive financially and continue to look after my son. Does this mean we have to register as life partners or get married if I read your scenarios above. He also indicated that he does not want to live with is father but want to continue staying with my fiancé and want my fiancé to be his guardian. How does the GEPF ensure that they are both financially secure ? I can not find information on divorced couples where the biological parent is still alive and the deceased have appointed an guardian. Do the guardian have to go to court to first apply for guardianship or will the biological parent become the guardian automatically and have access to the GEPF benefits?

    Reply
    • This is from the GEPF:
      The following options are available to the member to ensure that the fiancé and child are taken care of:

      1, she must make sure that her nomination form is updated with people that she wants to access her money 2, She must nominate the fiancé as the guardian for the child should anything happen to her, which means the GEPF will send money to the Master of the High Court and the guardian will access the money on behalf of the child until the child is recognised as an adult.
      3, Lastly, they can register as life partners but this is the last option if they do not do the above.

      And a point of correction to the member, the ex-husband does not have access to her pension because they are divorced, I don’t know where she got that information from but it is incorrect.

      Reply
      • Hi

        I have three children aged 24, 15 and 9 years respectively. What is the best way to allocate my pension benefits as a percentage for each?

        Kind regards

        MM NTSEKI

        Reply
        • This is something a financial planner would assist you with as you need to calculate each of their financial needs. Firstly, the 24 year old would not qualify for the pension benefit as the trustees would first allocate to the younger children. You could apply a higher percentage to the younger child as he/she will be a financial dependent for longer – ie: for education costs etc.. For the 24 year old you could consider taking out a life policy if you feel you want to leave that child some benefit.

          Reply
  10. Please clarify what Minister Mboweni said about withdrawing our pension funds

    Reply
    • No one can access their pension funds unless they resign. That is the current position

      Reply
  11. My aunt passed away few months after pension, she was never married and didn’t have kids.
    How do we find out who are the beneficiaries?

    Reply
    • You would need to send a query to GPAA – do you have any information on her pension fund number etc?

      Reply
    • My name is Alfred. My late father was a member of GEPF since 1987. He recently died in July 2021.He was married and his wife is a GEPF member too. He is survived by three major sons from his marriage and myself. He last updated his nomination firm years before we could reconcile. Before he died he took an insurance and appointed me as his beneficiary, but on the nomination firm at GEPF he didn’t include me. Do I have the chances to claim. Will the death benefit be paid out at this period or might have been paid?I have since sent a enquiry to GEPF and I couldn’t get feedback, only to get information yesterday that all beneficiaries on the nomination forum have been paid.

      Reply
      • If you were not a financial dependent and were not listed on the nomination form then the funds would not be allocated to you

        Reply
  12. Can I give my pension to a friend and make them soul beneficiaries?

    Reply
    • Yes, unless there are other legal or financial dependents. If you are single, not kids, not supporting anyone financially, you can leave your pension to whoever you choose

      Reply
  13. I nominated my mother, brother and my 16 year son in my w1002 form I have a spouse but I didn’t nominate him because he’s working for government too.is he going to qualify automatically or he’s going to get only spousal support.

    Reply
    • he would only get spousal support if not nominated for the gratuity

      Reply
  14. I have recently lost my father who was a pensioner, he retired in 2019 July. He nominated all his 6 Children and 2 Grandchildren who are minors. I would like to ask for the grandchildren as they were financially supported by him what must we do.

    Reply
    • If you are 5 children of the deceased and you claim your parents GEPF, when it’s paying does it process payments same time for all of them or it may happen 2 of them payed and others wait fr a period of time to get paid?.

      Reply
      • Hi, my dad was a member of the Gepf. He was divorced at the time of his death. His four children received only half his pension in line with the fund rules. We tried claiming the other half of pension but was declined as it was for the spouse. There is no spouse and the final divorce decree he paid out his ex wife and there is no mention of pension. Can we claim the spousal benefit?

        Reply

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Maya Fisher-French author of Money Questions Answered

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